wolf in snow


These unusual wolves are highly social and live in family packs, but hunt solitarily for Afroalpine rodents. They have long legs and muzzles, pointy ears, and a distinctive red coat with black and white marks.

WOLF FACTS All you need to know about Ethiopian wolves at a glance

TAXONOMY & GENETICS A wolf in fox clothing. It might look like a red fox or jackal, but the Ethiopian wolf is a recent descendant of a grey-wolf like ancestor that immigrated to Africa from Eurasia 

STATUS With less than 500 adults surviving, Ethiopian wolves are the rarest canid in the world and the most endangered African carnivore

DISTRIBUTION Small populations perch in small mountain enclaves, like islands in an ocean of agriculture and people

THREATS due to its montane specialization the Ethiopian wolf was always rare, but today’s threats are all man-induced. Habitat loss and dog-related disease are the most pressing

MORPHOLOGY A medium sized carnivore, with unique adaptations to life in Afroalpine habitats and an exclusive small mammal diet 

DIET & FORAGING Ethiopian wolves forage alone, and closely map the above-the-ground activity of rodents

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION  Wolf family packs are cohesive and hierarchical - all individuals help defend a communal territory 

REPRODUCTION Typically only the alfa female in each pack breeds, mating is locally synchronized and extra-pack copulations not uncommon 

CULTURAL VALUES Beautiful, unique, a country’s symbol and pride